A Pragmatic Analysis of Speech Acts in Surah Al-Tariq and Surah Al-Ma'un

  • Assist. Prof. Huda هادي
Keywords: Quran, Surahs, Speech Acts, Pragmatic Functions, Al-Tariq, Al-Ma'un


      This descriptive study tackles illocutionary speech acts in two short Surahs of the holy Quran, specifically,  Surah Al-Tariq and Surah Al-Ma'un. The aims of this study are to find out the types of the illocutionary speech acts and the pragmatic functions in addition to whether they were  implicitly or explicitly performed in the said Surahs. The significance of this study  is to reveal the classes  of the illocutionary speech acts and the pragmatic functions employed in these Surahs and to highlight the high eloquence of the selected Surahs in conveying  messages to the recipients. Only sixteen samples have been analyzed,  and the approach followed to analyze the data is qualitative. Furthermore, some books of exegesis have been consulted and depended on to analyze the data. The results of the present study are that the illocutionary speech acts of representatives, directives and commissives were used in the two Surahs mentioned above. Different pragmatic functions like describing, ordering, threatening, asserting, warning and promising were employed in these Surahs. Moreover, explicit speech acts were used with a high frequency of occurrence whereas implicit speech acts were used with a low frequency of occurrence. In addition, some verses perform more than one speech act at the same time to convey more than one message, and they have been analyzed under more than one type of speech acts. This indicates the high eloquence of the selected Surahs in conveying the messages to people.


Al-Mudarisi, M.(2008). Min Huda Al-Quran{The Quran
Guidance].(Vol.12). Beirut: Dar Alqarea.
Al-Saidi, Ali.H.(2016). Socio-Pragmatic Failure in the English
Translations of the Euphemistic Culture-bound Expressions in
the Qur'an by Non-MuslimTranslators. (Unpublished Ph.D.
Thesis), KL.UPM Press.

Al Shirazi, N. (2005). Alamthal fi Tafsirkitab Allah Almunzal [The
Best Exegesis of the Revealed Book]( Vol. 15). Qom: Imam Ali

Al Tabatabaei, M. (2008). Al Mizan fi TafsirAlQuran [ Al Mizan, the
Exegesis of the Quran]. Beirut: Ala'ala Foundation for publications.

Amin, N et al.(2017). Pragmatics Analysis: Arabic Directive Imperative
Speech Acts Used in Alquran. International Journal of Science and
Research,6(1), 952-955. 952-955.DOI: 10.21275/ART20164093

Caulthard, M. (1985).An Introduction to Discourse Analysis. London:
Longman Group Ltd.

Cruse, A.(2006). A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics. Edinburgh:
Edinburgh University Press.

Crystal, D. (2003). A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. London:

Fadhlullah, M.(1988). Min Wahyi Al-Quran[Quran Revelation].Beirut:
Dar Al-Malak.
Faysal, T. A. (2013). Rhetorical Questions in Glorious Quran and Their
Realization in English. Journal of AlFrahedis Arts 17, 570- 581.
Huang, Y. (2006). Speech Acts. In Brown, k.(ed.), Encyclopedia of
Language and linguistics (Vol.1)( 2nded. ). (Pp.656-665).Oxford:
Elservier Science.
Leech , G. ( 1983 ).Principles of Pragmatics .London : Longman.
Mawadda, Z. U.(2016). Commissive Utterances in the Translation of the
Holy Quran Chapter Joseph : A pragmatic Perspective.
Retrieved from www.eprints.ums.ac.id/48148/11/publication%20article.pdf
Mey, J. (1993). Pragmatics: An Introduction. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Nurfithri, N. (2020). The Speech Acts in the Surah Al-Fatihah: A
Pragmatic Study. Jurnal Sastra - StudiIlmiah Sastra, 9(2), 38-44.
Retrieved from
Qutb, S. (1992). Fi Dhilal AI-Qur 'an[ In the Shade of the Quran]. Beirut:
Dar AI- Shorooq.
Santosa, R. B., Nurkamto, J., Baidan,N. and Sumarlam (2016). Pragmatic
Study of Directive Speech Acts in Stories in Alquran. Advances
in Language and Literary Studies, 7 (5), pp. 78-84.
Searle, J. (1979). Expression and Meaning. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
Verschueren, J. (1999). Understanding Pragmatics . London: Arnold.
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
How to Cite
هاديA. P. H. (2024). A Pragmatic Analysis of Speech Acts in Surah Al-Tariq and Surah Al-Ma’un. Al-Qadisiyah Journal For Humanities Sciences, 27(1), 57 - 78. Retrieved from https://journalart.qu.edu.iq/index.php/QJHS/article/view/831